classical conditioning

Classical conditioning is the process of linking a specific pre-existing behavior to a specific stimulus.

The stimulus which evokes a pre-existing response is known as the unconditioned stimulus. The stimulus which is linked pre-existing behavior is conditioned stimulus.

The classic example of an unconditioned stimulus is that of the smell of food evoking the innate behavior of salivation. The classic example of a conditioned stimulus is a bell which is rung in at the same time as food is presented, on different occasions, repeatedly, so that the bell becomes linked to food and thus signals the arrival of food.

In other words, classical conditioning uses simultaneous association to hijack a simultaneous or sequential association.

The unconditioned stimulus can envoke either an innate response (instinct) or one that has been learned. Classical conditioning works with both because it hijacks the response by associating a different stimulus.

Related Pages

Similar Pages

Categories: behavior psychology